Automatic Lathe

In the machine tool industry, automatic lathe machine is the lathe machine that is normally controlled by the CNC system, which is a machine tool that can process turning tasks without much manual operations. 

Automatic lathe can rotates a work piece on an axis of rotation to perform various machining operations such as cutting, knurling, sanding, drilling, deformation, facing, and turning on its own based on the programmed route from rough cutting to the near-end procedure. In the categorization of automatic lathes, there are many specifications while one of the common features is the vertical/ horizontal arrangement. 

A CNC vertical lathe machine is also called a CNC vertical turning machine, that is a machine tool that rotates a work piece on an axis of rotation to perform various machining operations such as cutting, knurling, sanding, drilling, deformation, facing, and turning; such machining are conducted with tools that are applied to the work piece and to create an object with symmetry with the axis which is driven by the primary spindle. 

In the machine tool sector, automatic lathe machine is the lathe machine that is normally controlled by the CNC system, or at least an NC system, which is a machine tool that can process turning tasks without much manual operations. Automatic lathe can rotates a work piece on an axis of rotation to perform various machining operations such as cutting, knurling, sanding, drilling, deformation, facing, and turning on its own based on the programmed route from rough cutting to the near-end procedure.

Vertical and horizontal categorization

In the categorization of automatic lathes, there are many specifications while one of the common features is the vertical/ horizontal arrangement. A CNC vertical lathe machine is also called a CNC vertical turning machine, that is a machine tool that rotates a work piece on an axis of rotation to perform various machining operations such as cutting, knurling, sanding, drilling, deformation, facing, and turning; such machining are conducted with tools that are applied to the work piece and to create an object with symmetry with the axis which is driven by the primary spindle. In usual circumstances, turning machines are categorized into two main types according to the way that clamp the work pieces. Those are vertical lathe and the horizontal counterparts. For the former, the work piece is clamped vertically and the cutting tool is thus installed the same direction so that the machining is conducted vertically.

This way the clamping is much more stern and fixed due to the gravity effect compared to the horizontal methodology and manufacturers of vertical turning machines usually made their vertical turning machines into great manufacturing facilities for users in a variety of industrial sectors that pursue for high precision, such as automotive industry, aerospace sector, sport equipment application, and other fields with larger size work pieces. With the vertical clamping mechanism, the spindles of vertical turning lathes are also located behind the chuck, while some may be belt-driven, and some may be other types of driving mechanisms. Like other milling machines and machine centers, turning lathes can also be equipped with power tools as well as too magazines to boost its functionality and versatility, granting wider processing possibility to users.

Power turret is a modern and standard accessory of many CNC turning machines, and as one of the most important accessories to the users of CNC lathes, Taiwanese suppliers aim at this business and have developed many well known power turret and power tool companies that supports the demands form lathe users all over the world market. Many of these power turrets are driven by single motor with servo features, which can assure the best machining effects and save the optimal energy consumption; at the mean time, they can also provide great rigidity onto the work pieces, rendering an ideal cutting performances. Besides the power turret, tool magazine and the automatic too changer (ATC) are also the best sellers of Taiwanese machine tool accessory suppliers. Taiwan’s tool magazine and ATC system offers the optimal tool to tool time to customers based on their cycle time engineering, and can help manufacturers keep up with the order demands.

Compared with the worldwide competitors, Taiwanese know how to provide comprehensive services to global customers with the best planning according to the local circumstances, hence the productions that are equipped with the machine tools or accessories are actually face lifted to the latest version that is modern to the order demands. Spindles and chuck and the corresponding hydraulic cylinders are also well developed in Taiwan. Together with the CNC turning machine market, there are a bunch of lathe products and accessories that are widely spread in the world across different industrial sectors and applications.

At the same time, the CNC horizontal lathes belong to conventional design that has been developed and massively applied for over a century. The horizontal nature makes the turning machine easy to be used and maintained, and are used even wider in a lot of industries due to their convenience and structure. Therefore, there is no standard answer to either horizontal or vertical is better for users, but only about the application it is all about.

The new trend of automation 

Industry today is changing rapidly and in both automation and 3C consumable electric sectors, manufacturers that need to proceed machining tasks in the 21st century tend to purchase machining centers with robotic arm accessories for a wider application. Even if the machine tools are the most fundamental capital goods for manufacturers and play the critical role that determines the final output of the end products, components such as bearing, robotic arm or other automation equipment still play an important but independent role in the accessories market and the relevant industrial sectors. The innovative designs and new applications will keep motivating the industry as well as industrial insiders to make the best use of those components that help to accelerate the machining and manufacturing.

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