CNC Horizontal Lathe

Based on historical and archaeological comparisons, the earliest records of lathes or rotating machines can be traced to artifacts in Egypt and Mesopotamia. Ancient craftsmen used the turning mechanism to make household tools, weapons, jewelry and other important items to use in their lives. Regarding the design of the lathe structure, there is one thing in common, namely the horizontal arrangement of the spinning spindle, which clamps the workpiece to be processed by the cutting tool.

Why Horizontal Arrangement So Common?

The lathe is also called a turning center, so it is a machine tool that rotates a workpiece on a rotating shaft to perform various processes such as cutting, knurling, grinding, drilling, deformation, end face machining, and turning. This machining is performed by using a tool that is applied to the target workpiece and creates an object with a symmetrical profile, which is driven by the spindle.
 
Generally, lathes are divided into two main types according to the way they clamp the workpiece. These are vertical lathes and horizontal lathes. For the latter, the workpiece is clamped on the joint of the spindle, which is driven by the belt, directly driven or driven by the power output of the built-in motor. At the same time, the hydraulic clamping force is activated by the air cylinder installed next to the headstock of the chuck device to ensure that the fixing force is firmly stabilized. If the rotation speed is too high, the workpiece will not be scattered. However, if the length of the workpiece is long, which usually causes straightness problems, there will be a tailstock there to ensure that the longer workpiece is fixed from head to toe, making the machining process smooth and precise.
 
On the other hand, for vertical counterparts, clamp the workpiece vertically. The cutting tools are also installed in the same direction, so that they are processed vertically. Compared with the horizontal method, this type of clamping is more secure and fixed due to the effect of gravity. Manufacturers of vertical lathes usually turn their vertical lathes into first-class manufacturing equipment for users in various industrial fields pursuing high precision. With the vertical clamping mechanism, the main shaft of the vertical lathe is also located behind the chuck, while some may be belt driven and some may be other types of drive mechanisms.
 
Like other milling machines and machining centers, lathes can also be equipped with power tools and tool magazines. Improve its functionality and versatility to provide users with greater processing possibilities. Power tool holder is a modern standard accessory for many CNC lathes, and one of the most important accessories for CNC lathe users. Taiwanese suppliers have targeted this business and have developed many well-known power tool holder, and power tool companies to support the demands of lathe users across the global market. Many power turrets are driven by a single motor with servo function, which can ensure the best processing effect and save the best energy consumption. At the same time, they can also provide high rigidity for the workpiece and ideal cutting performance.

 

Other Important Supportive Accessories

In addition to power turrets, tool magazines and automatic tool changers (ATC) are also the best-selling products of Taiwan machine tool parts suppliers. Taiwan's tool magazine and ATC system can provide customers with the best tool time according to their cycle engineering to help manufacturers meet their order requirements. Compared with global competitors, Taiwanese know how to provide comprehensive services to the best-planned global customers based on local conditions. Therefore, products equipped with machine tools or accessories have actually been upgraded to the latest version to meet the order requirements. Spindles, chucks, and corresponding hydraulic cylinders are also well developed in Taiwan. Coupled with the CNC lathe market, a pile of lathe products and accessories are widely distributed in different industries and applications around the world, which makes one of the major export businesses of Taiwan's expertise in the accessories’ market.

 

Development of Lathe-Related Accessories

In most accessories, the development of power turrets, power tools, automatic pallet changers, and the fourth axis is the current trend. Once installed on the lathe, having a milling function, they are versatile to make better use of these accessories. Therefore, you can change the turning to a turning center, also known as a turning and milling center, which is very different from ordinary lathes in many ways. The current trend in the industry is to provide customers with more optimal products while choosing lathes, and make their production lines more flexible in manufacturing.
 
In addition, industrial sensors are a recent new technology revolution. Not only for lathe machinery, but also for various machine tools that help manufacturers to achieve intelligent manufacturing goals. Despite the success of this state-of-the-art technology, the development in this area is still under general research procedures.

 

Horizontal Design

Horizontal lathes are the most commonly used and known types of lathes. With the help of a computer-based CNC control system, CNC horizontal lathes are the most commonly used lathes in manufacturing plants. In the application, with the help of power turrets and power tools, they can do a lot of things on the workpiece. The future of horizontal CNC lathes is bright, and it is clear that it will remain for a long time.

Need help searching for your next CNC Horizontal Lathe ?

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